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Simon Lailvaux (PI)
Biology Building Room 120A
Department of Biological Sciences
University of New Orleans
2000 Lakeshore Drive
New Orleans, LA 70148

Office phone: 504 280 6740
email: slailvau"at"uno.edu


Academic Career
Professor, University of New Orleans, 2020-present
Virginia Kock/Audubon Nature Institute Chair in Species Preservation, 2017-present
Associate Professor, University of New Orleans, 2014-2020
Assistant Professor, University of New Orleans 2009-2014
Australian Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2007-2009
FWO Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Antwerp, Belgium 2006-2007
PhD Student, Tulane University, New Orleans 2002-2005
MSc, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa 2000-2001
BSc(Hons), University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa 1999

Research interests                       
My general interests are in sexual selection and evolutionary/physiological ecology. I am particularly interested in testing how life-history trade-offs affect fitness, especially with regard to whole-organism performance capacities. By studying performance within a quantitative-genetic/life-history framework, my current research aims to understand how fitness is affected (and determined) by the genetic and phenotypic relationships among performance and other important life-history traits, such as sexual attractiveness, in different selective contexts. My recent collaborative work has also examined aging and the life-history factors affecting it in insects. Other research interests include:
  • The ecology and evolution of sexual dimorphism
  • The evolution of sexual signalling
  • The life-history of whole-organism performance
  • Anolis functional and evolutionary ecology

Associate editor
Ecology and Evolution
     

Publications (ResearcherID C-3121-2008) (Google scholar)
        

Books

Lailvaux, S.P. 2018. Feats of Strength: How Evolution Shapes Animal Athletic Abilities. Yale University Press.

Papers

(63) Adeola, F.I., and Lailvaux, S.P. Bite force, body size, and octopamine mediate mating interactions in the house cricket (Acheta domesticus). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, in press.

(62) Marks, J.R., Sorlin, M.V., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2023. The maternal energetic environment affects both egg and offspring phenotypes in green anole lizards (Anolis carolinensis). Ecology and Evolution 13: e9656 PDF

(61) Sorlin, M.V., Marks, J.R., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2022. Endurance training does not affect maximum exertion/distance capacity in Anolis carolinensis lizards. Journal of Experimental Biology 225: jeb244576 PDF

(60) Marks, J.R., Beatty, A.E., Husak, J.F., Schwartz, T.S., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2022. Sprint training interacts with body mass to affect hepatic insulin-like growth factor expression in female green anoles (Anolis carolinensis). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 327: 114067 PDF

(59) Adeola, F.I., Keen, J., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2022. Octopamine affects courtship call structure in male Acheta domesticus crickets. Hormones and Behavior, 143: 105191 PDF

(58) Bubak, A.N., Swallow, J.G., Adeola, F.I., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2022. Maximum performance expression is affected by octopamine and antennae removal in the house cricket, Acheta domesticusBehavioral Ecology 33: 740-744 PDF

(57) Simon, M.N., Cespedes, A.M., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2022.  Sex-specific multivariate morphology/performance relationships in Anolis carolinensisJournal of Experimental Biology, 225: jeb243471 PDF

(56) Husak, J.F., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2022. Conserved and convergent mechanisms underlying performance-life-history trade-offs. Journal of Experimental Biology 225: jeb243351 PDF

(55) Lailvaux, S.P., Mishra, A., Pun, P., Ul Kabir, M. W., Wilson, R.S., Herrel, A., and Hoque, M.T. 2022. Machine learning accurately predicts the multivariate performance phenotype from morphology in lizards. PLoS One 17 e0261613 PDF   Model, code, and data 

(54) Marks, J.R., Beatty, A.E., Schwartz, T.S., Sorlin, M.V., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2021. Expression of insulin-like growth factors depends on both mass and resource availability in female green anoles (Anolis carolinensis). Journal of Experimental Biology 224: jeb242665 PDF

(53) Zablocki-Thomas, P., Lailvaux, S.P., Aujard, F., Pouydebat, E., and Herrel, A. 2021. Maternal and genetic correlations between morphology and performance traits in a small captive primate, Microcebus murinus. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 134: 28-39 PDF

(52) Husak, J.F., Rohlf, C.M., Lailvaux, S.P. 2021. Immune activation affects whole-organism performance in male but not female green anole lizards (Anolis carolinensis). Journal of Comparative Physiology B PDF

(51) Weber, W.D., Anthony, N.M., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2021. Size but not relatedness drives the spatial distribution of males within an urban population of Anolis carolinensis lizards. Ecology and Evolution 11: 2886-2898 PDF

(50) Lailvaux, S.P. 2020. It's not easy being green: behavior, morphology, and population structure in urban and natural populations of green anole (Anolis carolinensis) lizards. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8: 570610 PDF (invited review)

(49) Lailvaux, S.P., Cespedes, A.M., Weber, W.D., and Husak, J.F. 2020. Sprint speed is unaffected by dietary manipulation in trained Anolis carolinensis lizards. Journal of Experimental Zoology A. 333: 164-170  PDF

(48) Husak, J.F., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2019. Experimentally enhanced performance decreases survival in nature. Biology Letters 15: 20191060 PDF

(47) Lailvaux, S.P., Cespedes, A.M., and Houslay, T.M. 2019. Conflict, compensation, and plasticity: sex-specific, individual-level trade-offs in green anole (Anolis carolinensis) performance. Journal of Experimental Zoology A 2019: 1-10 PDF  R script

(46) Lailvaux, S.P., Wang, A., and Husak, J.F. 2018.  Energetic costs of performance in trained and untrained Anolis carolinensis lizards. Journal of Experimental Biology 221: jeb176867 PDF

(45) Lailvaux, S.P., and Husak, J.F. 2017. Introduction to the symposium: Integrative Life-History of Whole-Organism Performance. Integrative and Comparative Biology 57: 320-324. PDF

(44) Husak, J.F., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2017. How do we measure the cost of whole-organism performance traits? Integrative and Comparative Biology 57: 333-343. PDF

(43) Lailvaux, S.P., and Husak, J.F. 2017. Predicting life-history trade-offs with whole-organism performance. Integrative and Comparative Biology 57: 325-332. PDF

(42) Lailvaux, S.P., Breuker, C.J., and Van Damme, R. 2017. Juvenile water stress affects development time but not adult take-off performance in the butterfly Pararge aegeria. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 90: 54-62 PDF

(41) Birke, L.L., Cespedes, A.M., Schachner, E.R., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2017. Cystic calculus in a laboratory-housed green anole (Anolis carolinensis). Comparative Medicine 67: 112-115.

(40) Condon, C., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2016. Losing reduces maximum bite performance in house cricket (Achaeta domesticus) contests. Functional Ecology 30: 1660-1664 PDF

(39) Figueroa, A., McKelvy, A.D., Grismer, L.L., Bell, C.D., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2016. A new species-level phylogeny of extant snakes with a description of a new colubrid subfamily and genus. PLoS One 11: e0161070 PDF

(38) Lailvaux, S.P., Kircher, B.K., Leifer, J., and Johnson, M.A. 2015. The incredible shrinking dewlap: signal size, skin elasticity and mechanical design in the green anole lizard (Anolis carolinensis). Ecology and Evolution 5: 4400-4409 PDF

(37) Cespedes, A.M., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2015. An individual-based simulation approach to the evolution of locomotor performance. Integrative and Comparative Biology 55: 1176-1187 PDF

(36) Kuo, C., Irschick, D.J., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2015. Trait compensation between boldness and the propensity for tail autotomy under different food availabilities in the brown anole lizard. Functional Ecology 29: 385-392 PDF

(35) Husak, J.F., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2014. An evolutionary perspective on conflict and compensation in physiological and functional traits. Current Zoology 60: 755-767 PDF (invited review). 

(34) Lailvaux, S.P., and Husak, J.F. 2014. The life-history of whole-organism performance. Quarterly Review of Biology 89: 285-318. PDF

(33) Lailvaux, S.P., Wilson, R., and Kasumovic, M.M. 2014. Trait compensation and sex-specific aging of performance in male and female professional basketball players. Evolution 68: 1523-1532. PDF

(32) Edwards, J.R., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2013. Do interspecific interactions between females drive shifts in habitat use? A test using Anolis carolinensis and Anolis sagrei lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 843-851. PDF

(31) Hall, M.D., Lailvaux, S.P., and Brooks, R.C. 2013. Sex-specific evolutionary potential of pre- and post-copulatory reproductive interactions in the field cricket, Teleogryllus commodus. Evolution 67: 1831-1837. PDF

(30) Chatfield, M.W.H., Brannelly, L.A., Robak, M.J., Freeborn, L., Lailvaux, S.P., and Richards-Zawacki, C.L. 2013. Fitness consequences of infection by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in northern leopard frogs (Lithobates pipiens). EcoHealth 10: 90-98 PDF

(29) Lailvaux, S.P., Huyghe, K., and Van Damme, R. 2012. Why can't we all just get along? Interspecific aggression in resident and non-resident Podarcis melisellensis lizards. Journal of Zoology 288: 207-213Link

(28) Zajitschek, F., Lailvaux, S.P., Dessman, J. and Brooks, R. 2012. Diet, sex and death in field crickets. Ecology and Evolution 2: 1627-1636. PDF

(27) Lailvaux, S.P., Gilbert, R.L. and Edwards, J.R. 2012. A performance-based cost to honest signaling in male green anole lizards (Anolis carolinensis). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences279: 2841-2848 PDF    Highlighted in "Outside JEB"

(26) Edwards, J.R., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2012. Display behavior and habitat use in single and mixed populations of Anolis carolinensis and Anolis sagrei lizards. Ethology 118: 494-502. PDF

(25) Alexander, L.G., Pechmann, J.H.K., Lailvaux, S.P., and DeVries, P.J. 2012. Effects of salinity on early life stages of the Gulf Coast toad, Incilius nebulifer (Anura, Bufonidae). Copeia 2012: 106-114. PDF

(24) Lailvaux, S.P., Zajitschek, F., Dessman, J. and Brooks, R. 2011. Differential aging of bite and jump performance in virgin and mated Teleogryllus commodus crickets. Evolution 65:3138-3147. PDF

(23) Lailvaux, S.P., and Kasumovic, M.M. 2011. Defining individual quality over lifetimes and selective contexts. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 278: 321-328. PDF

(22) Lailvaux, S.P., Hall, M.D., and Brooks, R.C. 2010. Performance is no proxy for genetic quality: tradeoffs between locomotor performance, sexual attractiveness and life-history traits in the field cricket Teleogryllus commodus. Ecology 91: 1530-1537. PDF

 (21) Hall, M.D., Lailvaux, S.P., Blows, M.W., and Brooks, R.C. 2010. Sexual conflict and the maintenance of multivariate genetic variation. Evolution 64:1697-1703. PDF

 (20) Hall, M.D., Mclaren, L., Brooks, R.C., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2010. Interactions among performance capacities predict male combat outcomes in the field cricket Teleogryllus commodus. Functional Ecology 24: 159-164. PDF

 (19) Maklakov, A.A., Hall, M.D., Simpson, S.J., Dessmann, J., Clissold, F., Zajitscheck, F., Lailvaux, S.P., Raubenheimer, D., Bonduriansky, R., and Brooks, R.C. 2009. Sex-differences in nutrient-dependent reproductive ageing. Aging Cell 8: 324-330. PDF

 (18) Husak, J.F., Irschick, D.J., Henningsen, J., Kirkbride, K.S., Lailvaux, S.P., and Moore, I.T. 2009. Hormonal response of male green anole lizards (Anolis carolinensis) to GnRH challenge. Journal of Experimental Zoology A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 311: 105-114. PDF

 (17) Lailvaux, S.P., Reaney, L.T. and Backwell, P.R.Y. 2009. Dishonest signalling of fighting ability and multiple performance traits in the fiddler crab Uca mjoebergi. Functional Ecology 23: 359-366.  PDF

 (16) Vincent, S.E., and Lailvaux, S.P. 2008. Does phenotypic integration constrain sexual size dimorphism in eastern lubber grasshoppers (Romalea microptera)? Journal of Orthoptera Research 17: 219-225 (invited ms). PDF

 (15) Vervust, B., Lailvaux, S.P., Grbac, I., and Van Damme, R. 2008. Do morphological condition indices predict locomotor performance? A test using the wall lizard Podarcis sicula. Acta Oecologia 34: 244-251.  PDF

 (14) Husak, J.F., Irschick, D.J., Meyers, J.J., Lailvaux, S.P., and Moore, I.T. 2007. Hormones, sexual signals, and performance of green anole lizards (Anolis carolinensis). Hormones and Behavior 52:360-367.  PDF

 (13) Lailvaux, S.P., and Irschick, D.J. 2007. The evolution of performance-based male fighting ability in Caribbean Anolis lizards. The American Naturalist 170:573-586.  PDF

 (12) Lailvaux, S.P. 2007. Interactive effects of sex and temperature on locomotion in reptiles. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47:189-199.  PDF

 (11) Lailvaux, S.P., and Vincent, S.E. 2007. Ecological dimorphisms: An introduction to the symposium. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47: 169-171. PDF

 (10) Lailvaux, S.P., and Irschick, D.J. 2007. Effects of temperature and sex on jump performance and biomechanics in the lizard Anolis carolinensis. Functional Ecology 21: 534-543. PDF

 (9) Irschick, D.J., Ramos, M., Buckley, C., Elstrott, J., Carlisle, E., Lailvaux, S.P., Bloch, N., Herrel, A. and Vanhooydonck, B. 2006. Are morphology -> performance relationships invariant across different seasons? A test with the green anole lizard (Anolis carolinensis). Oikos 114: 49-59. PDF

 (8) Lailvaux, S.P., and Irschick, D.J. 2006. A functional perspective on sexual selection: insights and future prospects. Animal Behaviour 72: 263-273. PDF 

 (7) Lailvaux, S.P., and Irschick, D.J. 2006. No evidence for female association with high-performance males in the green anole lizard, Anolis carolinensis. Ethology 112: 707-715.  PDF

 (6) Irschick, D.J., and S.P. Lailvaux. 2006. Age-specific forced polymorphism: Implications of ontogenetic changes in morphology for male mating tactics. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79: 73-82. PDF

 (5) Vincent, S.E., and S.P. Lailvaux. 2006. Female morphology, web design, and the potential for multiple mating in Nephila clavipes: do fat-bottomed girls make the spider world go round? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 87: 95-102. PDF

 (4) Lailvaux, S.P., J. Hathway, J. Pomfret, and R.J. Knell. 2005. Horn size predicts physical performance in the beetle Euoniticellus intermedius (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Functional Ecology 19: 632-639. PDF

 (3) Lailvaux, S.P., A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, J.J. Meyers, and D.J. Irschick. 2004. Performance capacity, fighting tactics, and the evolution of life-stage morphs in the green anole lizard (Anolis carolinensis). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 271: 2501-2508. PDF

 (2) Lailvaux, S.P., G.J. Alexander, and M.J. Whiting. 2003. Sex-based differences and similarities in locomotor performance, thermal preferences, and escape behaviour in the lizard Platysaurus intermedius wilhelmi. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 76: 511-521. PDF

(1) Whiting, M.J., S.P. Lailvaux, L.T. Reaney, and M. Wymann. 2003. To run or hide? Age-dependent escape behaviour in the lizard Platysaurus intermedius wilhelmi. Journal of Zoology (London) 260: 123-128. PDF

Book reviews

(1) Irschick, D.J., Vincent, S., Buckley, C., and Lailvaux, S. 2003. Lizard act part II: making the transition from ecology to behavior.  Quarterly Review of Biology 78: 510-511. Review of the book Lizard Social Behavior.

(2) Lailvaux, S.P. 2003. Lizard Social Behavior. African Journal of Herpetology 52: 75-76. Review of the book Lizard Social Behavior.  PDF


Classes

BIOS 6063 Topics in Ecology and Environmental Sciences - Multivariate Statistics.

BIOS 4590/4590G Special Topics in Organismic Biology - Evolutionary Mechanisms.

BIOS 3354 - Vertebrate Physiology.

    


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